Infectious diseases are those diseases that are caused by harmful microorganisms and can be transmitted from an infected person (or animal) to a healthy individual. Certain microorganisms can live in the body without harming it, but when the body’s defenses are decreased, they can trigger corresponding diseases. Some types of pathogens, when growing rapidly, release toxic substances (toxins) that significantly aggravate the course of the disease. Infectious diseases are treated with antibiotics, antivirals and antifungals. There are four main routes of transmission for infectious diseases:
• Consumption of contaminated water and food;
• Through inhalation of airborne microbes;
• Sexual contact;
• Through damaged skin as a result of the bites of infected bloodsucking insects;
• Injuries or skin contact.
Detailed information concerning specific medications used for the therapy of infections can be found on Drugs-med.com. But like with any other disorders, it is easier to prevent infectious diseases than to treat them. There are certain simple rules that could help avoid transmission and prevent infections:
1. Good personal hygiene can help keep microbes at bay, prevent infection and avoid its spreading to others:
• Cover your mouth when sneezing or coughing;
• Never share personal items;
• Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently; teach your children to do that too.
• Do not share glasses, dishes, forks, etc.;
• Clean and bandage any cuts;
• Steer clear of direct contact with tissues, napkins, handkerchiefs used by others, especially by sick individuals.
2. Get vaccinated – make sure you and your children have all up to date vaccinations.
3. Use safe cooking practices to prevent infections caused by food-borne microbes:
• Keep all kitchen surfaces clean when preparing your meals;
• Rinse all raw products under running water before cooking, always separate cooked foods and raw foods;
• Cook products thoroughly and ensure that stakes and roasts are cooked to 145° F, ground meats to 160° F, and poultry to 180° F;
• Don’t let cooked products remain at room temperature for too long.
4. Practice safe sex – using condoms can prevent transmission of infectious viruses and bacteria.
5. Be a smart traveler when traveling outside the country:
• Ask your doctor if you need any special vaccinations;
• Drink only bottled beverages (including water) with secure caps;
• Do not eat uncooked vegetables and fruit that you have not peeled yourself;
• Remember that ice can sometimes be contaminated, so do not consume it.